ECPGR recommended SSR loci for analyses of European plum (Prunus domestica) collections

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Hilde Nybom
Daniela Giovannini
Matt Ordidge
Stein Harald Hjeltnes
Jasmin Grahić
Fuad Gaši

Abstract

A set of nine Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) loci, approved by the ECPGR Prunus working group, are proposed as a standard set for genotyping European plum accessions. These loci show sufficient reliability in spite of problems caused by hexaploidy. Polymorphism in the loci is high and enables differentiation between unique plum accessions as well as analyses of genetic grouping and overall genetic structure. A set of seven reference accessions are described. A compiled dataset with allelic information for 165 accessions is presented. Genetic structure reveals three different K-values (2, 4 and 9) demonstrating a major dichotomy between Prunus insititia-related accessions and cultivars belonging to Prunus domestica sensu stricto, as well as differentiation among minor subgroups defined by pomological traits and geographical origin.

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How to Cite
Nybom, H., Giovannini, D., Ordidge, M., Hjeltnes, S. H., Grahić, J. and Gaši, F. (2020) “ECPGR recommended SSR loci for analyses of European plum (Prunus domestica) collections”, Genetic Resources, 1(1), pp. 40-48. doi: 10.46265/genresj.2020.1.40-48.
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Short Communications
Author Biographies

Hilde Nybom, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Kristianstad, Sweden

Department of Plant Breeding–Balsgård, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Fjälkestadsvägen 459, SE-29194 Kristianstad, Sweden

Daniela Giovannini, CREA-Research Centre for Olive, Fruit and Citrus Crops, Forlì, Italy

via la Canapona 1 bis, 47121 Forlì, Italy

Matt Ordidge, University of Reading, Great Britain

School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AR, Great Britain

Stein Harald Hjeltnes, Njøs Fruit and Berry Centre, Leikanger, Norway

Njøsavegen 5, N-6863 Leikanger, Norway

Jasmin Grahić, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences

Fuad Gaši, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences