Main Article Content
A report on the tropical forage germplasm collection conserved in the CIAT genebank is presented. Emphasis is firstly on the assembling of the collection during 1972‒1993 through about 70 major and minor collecting missions in tropical America, Africa and Southeast Asia. Along with introductions from existing collections, currently some 1,600 accessions of 134 grass species and 21,000 accessions of 637 legume species are being maintained. Secondly, information on the utilization of the collection, with emphasis on cultivar development based on selection of accessions from the CIAT collection, is presented. Worldwide, a total of 44 grass and 34 legume cultivars derived from germplasm maintained at CIAT are reported. Information on germplasm distribution and knowledge sharing during the last four decades is also presented as well as a brief discussion on future needs.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright of the articles published in Genetic Resources and grant the journal right of first publication with open access. All articles published in Genetic Resource are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to download, share and adapt the work for commercial and non-commercial purposes as long as proper attribution to the original article is given. Genetic Resources permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal (including the publisher's final layout) on personal websites or institutional repositories after acceptance and/or publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit their publication in Genetic Resources.
Cook, Bruce G. and Rainer Schultze-Kraft (2015). “Botanical name changes - nuisance or a quest for precision?” Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales 3(1), pp. 34–40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17138/tgft(3)34-40.
Crop Trust (2016). Genebank Platform proposal. Bonn, Germany. URL: https://www.genebanks.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Genebanks-Platform-Full- Proposal.pdf.
Duncan, Alan J et al. (2020). “The impact of CGIAR Centre research on use of planted forages by tropical smallholders”. In: The Impact of the International Livestock Research Institute. Ed. by John McIntire and Delia Grace. Nairobi, Kenya and Wallingford, UK: ILRI and CABI, pp. 451–479. URL: https://www.cabi.org/bookshop/book/9781789241853/.
FAO (2001). International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i0510e.pdf.
Hanson, Jean et al. (2020). “Forage diversity, conservation and use”. In: The Impact of the International Livestock Research Institute. Ed. by John McIntire and Delia Grace. Nairobi, Kenya and Wallingford, UK: ILRI and CABI, pp. 423–449. URL: https://www.cabi.org/bookshop/book/9781789241853/.
Koo, Bonwoo, Philip Pardey, and Brian Wright (2003). “The price of conserving agricultural biodiversity”. Nature Biotechnology 21(2), pp. 126–128. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt0203-126.
Lynam, J and D Byerlee (2017). Forever pioneers - CIAT: 50 years contributing to a sustainable food future… and counting. CIAT Publication No. 444. (Cali, Colombia: CIAT). URL: https://hdl.handle.net/10568/89043.
Pengelly, B C (2015). Global strategy for the conservation and utilisation of tropical and sub-tropical forage genetic resources. URL: https://www.croptrust.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Forages-Strategy.pdf